Papers: 2005

Conversion From Volume To Energy Measurement

Author: Radhey S. ThakralDownload File

The purchase, transport, and sale of natural gas as a commodity with a specific energy value per cubic foot has transformed the natural gas industry from one of a system based on volume measurement to a system based on energy measurement. The following discussion will review the evolution of natural gas industry from a system […]

Training Of Office Measurment Personnel

Author: Linda McCourtDownload File

Effective office training is a crucial part of a company’s accuracy and accountability. Volumes are relative to every purchase and sale of gas, directly or indirectly. The money and time spent for accuracy of the primary elements is just the beginning and can all be forgotten if the information in the measurement office is reported […]

Gas Contracts: Then And Now

Author: Mark B. Fillman, Gary P. MenzelDownload File

Our industry has seen tremendous progress in the accuracy of natural gas measurement since the implementation of electronic gas measurement (EGM) in the 1980s. With respect to orifice measurement, the transition from mechanical chart recorders to EGM had an unprecedented impact on our ability to measure natural gas and adjust to market demands throughout the […]

Methods Of Gathering Egm Data

Author: Ronald SiskDownload File

Measurement of wellhead deliveries, pipeline interconnects to town plants, city gates, and ultimately the end-user must be efficient and verifiable. To achieve this goal, various methodologies for gathering EGM data have evolved and improved over the past few years

D.o.t. Requirements For Transportation Of Sample Containers

Author: Tom WelkerDownload File

During my travels around the United States talking about sampling and sample containers, it has come to my attention that the oil and gas industry in the United States needs to be a little better informed on proper handling, shipping, and transportation of sample containers of all types. Since everybody in the oil, gas, and […]

Scada And Telemetry In Gas Transmission Systems

Author: Chris J. SmithDownload File

Modern business and security imperatives coupled with rapid technological change require key new architectural elements for SCADA systems. These elements are discussed along with more traditional block diagram fundamentals, so that the reader might better understand migration and adaptation strategies for their transmission pipeline operations in the new millennium

Advance Communication Designs

Author: Bob HalfordDownload File

We say Advanced Wireless Data Radio Communication Systems Design Process not because this is a more in-depth and more technical process, but because the systems involved are complex in nature and must be carefully designed and programmed. If anything, what I want to do is teach you a more simplified approach and technique to design […]

Understanding Dot/psm Operator Qualification Program

Author: Britt McNeelyDownload File

The Operator Qualification (OQ) rule has greatly impacted pipeline operations for all major pipeline system operators. For Panhandle Energy, the efforts to satisfy all segments of the rule have required a significant investment in money and manpower, with many changes to most aspects of field operations. Several key efforts are worthy of further explanation concerning […]

Proper Testing Of Odorant Concentation Levels

Author: Kris KimmelDownload File

Today’s business environment requires the natural gas industry to perform many critical functions; such as, measurement, gas control, and odorization. Accurate measurement is a complex process involving a variety of equipment, procedures and people. The result is an accurate accounting of gas bought and sold. Gas Control is also a complex process that requires a […]

Considerations For Selecting A Host System For Upstream And Midstream Gas Operations

Author: Edward H. SmythDownload File

Operators of gas assets face a bewildering number of options when considering the installation of a central host system to monitor and control field operations. These options generally fall into two categories as described below