Papers: 2004

Remote Meter Reading Methods Of Retrieving Data By Use Of Remote Devices

Author: Arun SehgalDownload File

Remote meter reading is a fast growing trend in Natural Gas industry. As per industry estimates, close to 14 million gas meters in the United States are read remotely. This paper presents the advantages of remote meter reading and explains the various technologies in use

Inspection Of Regulators & Relief Valves

Author: John JohnsonDownload File

Regulators and Over Pressure Protection Devices (OPPD) must be inspected in accordance to Federal and State Law and Company policy. Over pressure protection devices are devices that protect the downstream piping in the event of a regulator failure. These devices include a relief valve, a monitor regulator, or a positive pressure shut off. In Texas, […]

Transfer Proving

Author: LARRY K WUNDERLICHDownload File

Transfer proving was initially developed to provide an easier and more accurate field meter proving method. Because of the capacity capabilities of transfer provers (2000 CFH to 80,000 CFH) transfer provers are utilized in meter shops where bell prover capacity is limited and allow for shop testing of the larger capacity meters

Local And Wide Area Networking Of Gas Flow Computer

Author: King PoonDownload File

Communication has been around ever since man developed language and hand signs to exchange and share ideas. Smoke signals were used in the ancient world to send information from one place to another. In fact, a smoke signal is one form of wireless communication. The advance in semiconductors, communication, network and computer technology has led […]

Onsite Proving Of Gas Turbine Meters Field Testing Of High Pressure Gas Turbine Meters Using Portable Prover Techniques.

Author: Daniel J. RudroffDownload File

With the increased use of Natural Gas as a fuel, higher natural gas prices, and the new federal regulations, buyers and sellers of natural gas are seriously looking at ways to improve their natural gas measurement and reduce the unaccounted for natural gas. An error in measurement of only one tenth of one percent (0.1%) […]

Design And Installation Of A Complete Measurement & Control Facility

Author: Thomas G. QuineDownload File

This presentation is intended to illustrate the implementation of a successful project. These principles can be applied to measurement and control projects, LNG projects, and LPG projects. The strategy presented involves performing through preliminary engineering, performing final design and procurement, qualification of installers, construction, testing, commissioning and finally, training and documentation

Principles Of Natural Gas Odorization

Author: Kenneth S. ParrottDownload File

In the one hundred and thirty years, or so that we have known natural gas as a fuel source in the United States, the demand for natural gas has grown at an astounding rate. There is virtually no area of North America that doesn’t have natural gas provided as an energy source. The methods of […]

Coriolis Meters For Gas Measurement

Author: Karl StappertDownload File

Coriolis meters have gained worldwide acceptance in liquid applications since the early 1980’s with an installed base or more than 350,000 units. Newer designs have shown greatly improved low-flow sensitivity, lower pressure drop, and immunity to noise; factors which now enable their successful use in gas-phase fluid applications. With more than 20,000 units on gas […]

How To Perform A Lost & Unaccounted-for Gas Program

Author: Rick FeldmannDownload File

Many gas pipeline companies struggle with lost-andunaccounted- for-gas (L&U) and it can be a significant cost to their bottom as shown below. As shown in this inset, by reducing L&U from 6/10 percent to 1/4 percent, a typical company with a 2 Bcf daily throughput could achieve $10 million annually in bottom line benefits based […]

Automation Systems For Gas Transmission And Distribution Pipelines

Author: Doug OsburnDownload File

The automation systems that control and measure natural gas flow in transmission and distribution pipelines often involve two systems. The system that controls the gas flow in a pipeline is called a SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) system and an AMR (Automated Meter Reading) system measures the amount of gas flowing into, and out […]