Papers: 2001

Fundamentals Of Egm – Electrical Installations

Author: Michael D. PriceDownload File

The areas of gas measurement and communications have seen substantial changes in the last few years as the natural gas industry adapts to effects of the economy, low gas prices, warm winters and government deregulation. Every company has studied, debated, hired consultants, and finally determined how gas flow data is to be measured and collected. […]

Fundamentals Of Pressure Regulation

Author: John M. KruseDownload File

A gas pressure regulator is an automatic device which controls the media flow and maintains a desired media pressure while reducing the media supply pressure. The basic regulator could be an operator at a control valve watching a pressure gauge. The valve is manually opened to allow the line pressure to achieve the desired gauge […]

Communication Between Office And Field Personnel

Author: Duane A. HarrisDownload File

The gas industry today is constantly changing, with increasing demands on office and field personnel. Initially there was FERC (Federal Energy Regulatory Commission) Order 636 that forced the gas measurement departments into the electronic age. Next came corporate slashing that has required the gas measurement groups to perform at the same level of integrity in […]

Electronic Gas Measurement Auditing

Author: Kenneth W. BlackburnDownload File

It has been stated that measurement is the cash register in the exchange of natural gas. The natural gas business is based on the buying and selling of this commodity. Measurement is responsible for balancing the input (buying) and output (selling). Errors, on either side of this equation, effect the balance the entire business is […]

Chart Auditing

Author: Keith B. FryDownload File

The main reason for auditing natural gas charts is the economic benefit derived from it. Because audits require skilled manpower to be performed and administered, there are costs involved. However, audits are advantageous because their benefits generally outweigh their costs, many times significantly. One of the principal responsibilities of the management of any group organized […]

The Gas Industry Standards Board (an Example Of A Public-private Partnership)

Author: Cynthia CorcoranDownload File

The Gas Industry Standards Board (GISB) has been fortunate to develop public-private partnerships with several agencies, and these partnerships have contributed to GISB’s credibility and its success. GISB strives to be responsive to the industry and government agencies through the efforts of its volunteers. Without the commitment of the members and interested industry participants, we […]

Fundamentals Of Natural Gas Safety

Author: Linton T. LipscombDownload File

Natural Gas: A combustible mixture of methane and higher hydrocarbons used chiefly as fuel and raw material. To safely produce natural gas and natural gas products, a basic understanding of the hazards of the material itself and the processes required to bring it to market is essential. Let’s start out with the hazards of natural […]

Gas Contracts: Then And Now

Author: Tom ClevelandDownload File

Contracts involving the sale, gathering, transportation, processing, storage, marketing, compression, and other services provided by the typical natural gas organization are crafted with contributions from several different functional groups and individuals. The expertise of these different groups and individuals is needed to put into writing an agreement that will allow an organization to invest capital […]

Operation Of Orifice Meter Chart Integration

Author: Gary L. HammondDownload File

The EMC Chart Integrator, Model 362, is a digital computer based system for translating orifice meter chart records into accurate billing-compatible data on integrated flow (chart extension), average pressure and flow time. It is designed to accommodate American/ Barton and Foxboro charts, as the pens can be mounted so as to pivot in the same […]

Methods Of Gathering Egm Data

Author: Stephen EasleyDownload File

Today’s changing world of computers and data communications is an exciting time and is bringing major changes to the gas industry. Especially when evaluating whether to communicate with remote electronic gas measurement (EGM) devices and determining what communications media types will be installed