Papers: 2016

Fundamentals Of ngl Sampling Systems

Author: Dominic Giametta & Jim KlentzmanDownload File

The purpose of this paper is to discuss in depth the systems we use as a standard to sample natural gas liquids, or NGL’s. Before we discuss the systems and methods used to sample these products, we must first clearly define what NGL’s are. NGL’s can be a combination of any fluid in liquid form […]

Fundamentals Of Volume Measurement (turbine Meters)

Author: Tony PetittoDownload File

Turbine meters have been used for the custody transfer of refined petroleum products and light crude oils for over 40 years. When correctly applied, they offer high accuracy and long service life over a wide range of products and operating conditions. Traditionally turbine metes were used for the measurement of low viscosity liquids and PD […]

Verification / Calibration Of Devices Used In Static Liquid Measurements

Author: Robert MazeDownload File

The purpose of verifying or calibrating liquid measurement devices is to ensure the accuracy of quantities being reported. With millions of dollars at stake, fractions of an inch or tenths of a degree Fahrenheit can make quite an impact to bottom line. At its most basic, the static (as opposed to dynamic, the use of […]

Advanced Communication Designs

Author: Bob HalfordDownload File

We say Advanced Wireless Data Radio Communication Systems Design Process not because this is a more in- depth and more technical process, but because the systems involved are complex in nature and must be carefully designed and programmed. If anything, what I want to do is teach you a more simplified approach and technique to […]

Communication Between The Office And Field

Author: Duane A. HarrisDownload File

Transferring the knowledge base regarding the measurement equipment between a field measurement technician and a corporate measurement analyst can be extremely challenging. A Field technician’s skill set is tested on a routine basis; therefore, the technician must be knowledgeable in: Electronic controls to pneumatic controls Communication system support Multiple disciplines Support of measurement equipment Procedures […]

Electronic Gas Measurement Auditing

Author: Gary P. Menzel and Perry Dee HummelDownload File

Electronic gas measurement auditing or EFM auditing is a very important process in the natural gas industry. Within the last twenty years, the natural gas industry has changed from the dry flow chart recorder to the Electronic flow Computer(EFM) as the primary method of recording the measurement data for custody transfer. These flow computers are […]


Author: John ChisholmDownload File

Measurement requires the highest level of ethical integrity in an industry that relies on ethical integrity at every level. A measurement professional is the provider of data to all the other professionals involved in the petroleum industry. If the measurement professional fails at their assigned duties, all the other branches of this industry make decisions […]

Field Data Capture Without Paper Forms

Author: Bruce WallaceDownload File

Meter inspections, configuration changes, calibration verification, troubleshooting, and gas sampling generate important subsets of measurement data. Automated computer systems capture, process, store, and report this data better than manual, paper-based systems; minimizing effort, time, resources, and error for field and office workers.

Gas And Liquid Measurement Validation

Author: Mike SquyresDownload File

Fundamental to all electronic gas measurement (EGM) and electronic liquids measurement (ELM) systems is the ability to accurately measure, review, correct, and report data. Any weakness in this chain undermines the accuracy and data integrity in the system. Recent industry standards and practices have greatly expanded the emphasis on data integrity. The Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) Act […]

Gas Contracts’ Impact On Measurement Accuracy

Author: T. Dean GravesDownload File

Much effort is spent to achieve accurate measurement. Up to date measurement standards, modern meter station design, high quality equipment, and proper measurement operations are all necessary for measurement accuracy. Unfortunately, these processes do not assure measurement accuracy if the contract does not also support accurate measurement. The contract impacts measurement accuracy by what it […]