Papers: 2004

Requirements Of An Egm Editor

Author: Michael SquyresDownload File

The natural gas industry’s adoption of EGM as a means of increasing the speed and accuracy with which measurement information is obtained, has created the need for an electronic data management system. Properly designed and implemented, a measurement data management system adds functionality that complements the power of the hardware. With proper implementation, such a […]

Low Power Flow Computers

Author: Matthew DieseDownload File

Gas measurement has evolved over the last few decades from simple paper chart recorders to sophisticated electronic flow computers. That evolution came about because of technology advances that allow systems to do much more with less power. That power requirement is dictated by the nature of gas exploration and production. Inevitably, natural gas will be […]

Electronic Calibrators

Author: Betsy MurphyDownload File

Electronic calibrators are fast becoming the benchmark for measurement and are replacing mechanical types of instruments for testing and calibration checks. Techniques, usage, traceability requirements, and problems are changing quickly as technology advances in the development of these instruments. Information concerning these issues is often outdated by the time the technician receives it

Economics Of Electronic Gas Measurement 2004

Author: Tom R. CheneyDownload File

The fast pace changes in technology continue to keep us is a state of flux. There isn’t any one who isn’t impacted by the continuous growth and changes in the world of technology. In today’s world, we accept computers and the functions they perform without question. In fact, we place our hard-earned dollars and in […]

Automating Gas Measurement

Author: Richard L. ClineDownload File

Since the discovery of oil and gas and the advent of commercial conveniences, which use oil and gas, companies have been confronted with the need to accurately measure the oil and gas bought and sold in the marketplace. And, as usual, the technology available at the time was brought to bear on the measurement process

Pulsation Reduction By Acoustic Filters For Metering Applications

Author: Robert J. McKeeDownload File

Because of the adverse effects of pulsations on orifice and other types of flow meters there is for many installations, a need to eliminate or decrease the amplitude of pulsations in the piping. This task has been the primary domain of acoustical piping designers who have had both theoretical and practical field experience in such […]

Pulsation Effects On Orifice Metering Considering Primary And Secondary Elements

Author: Robert J. McKeeDownload File

The use of orifices for commercial flow measurement has a long history dating back more than 50 years. Orifices are extensively used in the United States natural gas, petroleum and petro-chemical industries and are important as one of the most practical ways to meter large volumes of gas flow. These meters are very reliable and […]

Overall Measurement Accuracy — Determination And Influence

Author: Paul J. La NasaDownload File

This paper presents methods for determining the uncertainty of both differential and positive metering stations. It takes into account the type of meter, number of meters in parallel, type of secondary instruments, and the determination of physical properties. The paper then relates this information to potential influence on system balance

Problems Unique To Offshore Measurement

Author: Wayne T. LakeDownload File

As the worldwide demand for oil and gas forces offshore exploration into waters off the continental shelves into depths of over a mile deep, capital expense spending (CapEx) and production operation expense (OpEx) budgets are slashed and the Environmental Health and Safety (EH&S) requirements as well as some companies’ goals for a ‘greener image’ raises […]

A New Perspective On Measurement The Impact Of Measurement In A Changing Business Environment

Author: David WoffordDownload File

The measurement of hydrocarbons has evolved significantly through the years, from both a technical and business application perspective. Developments and advances in technology have made the measurement of hydrocarbons more precise, efficient and available. Changes in the energy business environment have placed the measurement of hydrocarbons into a more significant role within organizational and industry […]